The information on this page and on the links provided is for coaches, athletes, parents and community members. Concussion in sports and in particular youth sports is a serious issue. There are many different organisations globally that have similar guidelines for concussion information and management. The resource available via the links below provides current and researched based information with best practice guidelines and procedures related to concussion injury for athletes. Please review the guidelines in order to provide care and support to injured ISM athletes who have a suspected concussion injury.
Remember Coaches/Athletes and Parents… “IF IN DOUBT-SIT OUT”
General procedures related to head/neck and concussion injuries can be viewed below (related to falls, sports and violence, other than simple/minor head bruise)
Before nurse arrives: Have student rest, lying flat on his/her back, alert and seek help from clinic. Always suspect neck injury as well, do not move or twist back or neck. Do not leave student alone. Do not remove possible helmets or other head gear, talk to, calm and reassure the paitient. Use the recovery position if patient is vomiting or unconscious: Turn head and body together to the side, keeping head, neck and spine in a straight line.
Assessment via nurse/professional help arrives:
Ask patient/witnesses about mechanics of accident
Ask patient/witnesses about possible unconsciousness
Ask patient if feeling sick or like vomiting
Ask paitient if neck/back hurts and carefully tap along spine.
Check for seizures, blood flowing from the head, blood or watery fluid in ears or nose.
Check if patient is sleepy, confused, and unable to follow simple commands.
Check if patient cannot reply to simple questions like: who scored last? Who won last game?
If answer to any check is yes, the nurse will take the student take immediately to the hospital; parents will be informed to meet in the ER (emergency room).
In case of transient confusion or unconsciousness with seemingly full recovery the parent/guardian will be informed to pick up student and seek immediate medical care.
In all cases of head injury the parent/guardian are given the “Head Injury Form”, with information about head injury and delayed symptoms.
Clinic physician, Clinic Administrator, Nurse and Head of Operation and Security will decide if school ambulance car or private vehicle is used for transportation.
Important: In case of a concussion the clinic requests a medical certificate for return to school AND permission to resume sports/athletics.
The above information is used in conjunction with support materials from the Australian Football League recommendation and North Carolina Emergency Guidelines for Schools: